Digital sovereignty is the ability to control how you use, manage and protect your digital assets. It is about the freedom to make your own choices about your online identity, privacy, security, and data. It is also about the responsibility to respect and defend those choices.
Digital sovereignty is a complex and dynamic issue. It is not only about control over digital infrastructure and data, but also about the ability to steer technological developments and determine what values and norms are adopted. There are numerous examples of countries that have used their digital sovereignty to advance their national interests and protect themselves from digital threats.
For example, China has built its own Internet, with traffic filtered and controlled by the government. This allows China to censor information and control the behavior of its citizens. Russia has also set up a similar system to create its own Internet. These countries have taken control of their digital infrastructure, giving them more control over what happens on the Internet.
Steps have also been taken in Europe to strengthen digital sovereignty. For example, the European Commission has proposed the Digital Markets Act (DMA) and the Digital Services Act (DSA). These proposals aim to strengthen competition in the digital market and protect users' rights. They also aim to develop European cloud services to reduce dependence on US cloud providers.
Another example of an initiative to strengthen digital sovereignty is the Gaia-X project, a European initiative for a secure and transparent data infrastructure. The goal is to create a European ecosystem for cloud and edge computing that meets European standards for security and privacy. This should contribute to the development of a robust, home-grown digital infrastructure.